Oak, English Brown
Latin name: Quercus robur, Q. petrea
Common name(s): European Oak, Pollard Oak, Pedunculate Oak
Sources: England, France, Baltics primarily; also found from Western Europe to Turkey, to North Africa and even in Eastern Canada and the Northeast USA.
Characteristics: A true oak from the Quercus genus, the wood of English Brown Oak has all the characteristics of normal white oak, including pronounced coarse grain in early wood, smooth grain in the latewood, and large rays that are exaggerated when quarter sliced. These species are particularly susceptible to assault from the beefsteak fungus (Fistulina hepatica) that will eventually turn the heartwood a warm medium brown. Because the wood is then subject to insect infestation, it may also take on a rustic look to boot. Quarter slicing tends to produce pronounced bolts of heavy flake. This usually occurs naturally, but it has been reported that cropping the tops out of mature trees can produce the same results as the thus weakened tree has no means of avoiding the fungus. Highly prized for its warmth and beauty.
Common cuts: Plain sliced, Quarter sliced
Uses: Architectural millwork, casework, judges panels, parquetry, fine furniture, high profile commercial fixtures, church furniture.